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The country has a population of about 3.5 million people. Most local residents belong to the Somali ethnicity, Somalia’s largest demographic group. 

Fifty-five percent of the population is either nomadic or semi-nomadic, while 45% live in urban centres or rural towns, which include the capital city Hargeisa with an estimated population of 0.65 million and Burao, Borama, Berbera, Erigabo and Las Anod. The main religion practiced is Islam – Sunni.

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